Denmark is exploring the possibility of developing 10-GW energy islands that will not only power up to 10 million households per island, but could also provide energy to neighboring countries as part of a marine wind power project that will cost €40 billion.
This announcement came from the Ministry of Climate and Energy. The concept incorporates artificial platforms or islands that would act as centers for a wide variety of interconnected marine wind turbines.
An ambitious project
So far, the government has invested €9 million in identifying potential sites for the development of this project in the North, Baltic, and Kattegat seas. This is a highly ambitious project and the world’s largest renewable energy schemes could pale in comparison.
“It is a huge project,” Denmark’s Climate and Energy minister Dan Jørgensen said.
“We need to build more than five times as much capacity as we have today. We need a sensible and ambitious plan for expansion. Therefore, we are now engaged in preliminary studies.”
“Offshore wind is central to the green transition. If we seriously need to realize the enormous potential of offshore wind holds, we must develop tomorrow’s technologies to transform the green power fuel for aircraft, ships and industry.”
— Klimaministeriet (@KlimaMin) 18 de diciembre de 2019
The concept of energy islands
Energy islands are platforms that act as a power generating center in marine wind farms in the area and their distribution across the North Sea. Other electric engineering equipment that can be added to this concept includes storing facilities, electrolysis systems or other electric conversion technologies.
These islands are expected to contribute to a more efficient utilization of marine wind energy and, therefore, make space for a significantly greater amount of marine wind power in the Danish and European systems. Furthermore, it can contribute to relatively reduced investments in transmission cables and onshore grid reinforcements.
The research funds are earmarked both for preliminary studies on the energy island and the development of technologies for storing and converting the large amount of electricity produced in an energy island.
Tillykke til Danmark! Vi er halvvejs i den grønne omstilling af energisystemet: I 2019 blev 50% af dansk elforbrug leveret
af vind og sol! Lige over 47% af forbruget kom fra vind – resten fra sol.
Følg med https://t.co/Hz6DUI9jyc https://t.co/jA1FKDpvXC. #dkenergi #2.halvleg pic.twitter.com/7xmQG0vYUo
— Energinet (@EnerginetDK) 2 de enero de 2020
Pioneers in clean energy
Denmark was a pioneer in wind power development and has installed onshore wind turbines since the 1970s. Since then, the number of wind turbines has grown, as well as their size and capacity.
Currently, Danish companies are among the most acclaimed when it comes to wind turbine development, production, and installation. Also, wind turbine exports constitute an important contribution to the Danish economy.
The municipalities are responsible for the planning involved in the establishment of onshore wind turbines.
In December, Denmark adopted a legislation that guarantees that emissions will be reduced by 70% by 2030.
“If we seriously need to realize the enormous potential of offshore wind holds, so we must develop tomorrow’s technologies to transform the green power fuel for aircraft, ships, and industry,” Jørgensen said.
Before moving on with the “energy islands” initiative, the ministry of climate and energy stated it would discuss these plans with neighboring countries.
It also assured that most of the projects’ funds would come from private investment.
For more information, check Energía16