Greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise and their impact is felt with greater force


Governments must take bold steps to address rising levels of greenhouse gases. However, most are not doing so. This is all happening in the midst of public concerns as the impact of climate change is felt with greater force, according to a report prepared by Climate Action Tracker (CAT).

The CAT is formed by a group of European scientists. In detail, the organization tracks countries’ progress toward the global goal of limiting the planet’s temperature at 2°C and the more ambitious target of lowering it to 1.5°C.

The organization has updated its assessments of 24 of the 32 countries it rates.

The CAT analysis stresses that, of these 32 nations, only two governmentsplans - Morocco and Gambia - are enough to meet the 1.5 °C limit.

Rising concerns

“We are seeing an increasing number of Governments beginning to talk about net zero emissions by or before 2050, but we also know that we must halve global emissions by 2030 in order to keep the 1.5˚C goal alive, and most governments are nowhere near the action they need to take,” said Professor Niklas Höhne of NewClimate Institute.

CAT Gráfico

Last year, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions reached an historic high. The fastest-growing source is from natural gas, which grew 4.6% from 2017 to 2018.

CAT highlights the role of governments

The US, India and China were responsible for 85% of the global rise in energy-related carbon dioxide emissions over the past year, and renewable energy additions have stagnated after 20 years of strong growth. Methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, has accelerated in recent years, likely due to increasing emissions from oil and gas production.

Public concern is rising fast, with global movements like Fridays for Future and Extinction Rebellion pushing governments toward action as people take to the streets. As we turn from climate change to a climate crisis, the public priority is rising, and we expect Governments to take bold action,” said Höhne.

Increasing emissions

“Emissions keep rising and impacts are being felt all around the world, with developing countries experiencing the brunt of these impacts – recent examples include devastating floods and loss of life in East Africa caused by Tropical Cyclone Idai, and record 50˚C temperatures in India” said Bill Hare of Climate Analytics.

Governments need to seriously step up their game,” he added. In this sense, he assured that there are countries with ‘critically insufficient’ Paris targets. Among said countries he mentions Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, which are “showing no signs of improvement”. And there are others– for example Brazil and Australia and the USA, who are walking backwards from climate action.”

According to the CAT report, there are key governments - the EU, China and India - who are likely to meet or exceed their Paris targets.

CAT gráfico 2

CAT sees signs of progress

“Although the overall picture is not good there are signs of progress with a number of countries moving forward, including Costa Rica, Chile and the UK with new zero emissions targets and other actions,” said Hare.

It has been reported that up to 80 countries may announce new targets later this year at the UN Secretary General’s Summit in September, which is in preparation for 2020, when countries are expected to increase the ambition of their Paris Agreement targets.

“On a positive note, the growth in electricity produced from renewables grew 7% from 2017 to 2018, more than twice as fast that from fossil fuel-sourced power,” the CAT advisor concluded.

For more information, check Energía16

See also: The EU needs to increase solar and wind generation to reach renewable goals

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